The main aim of the study is to document the antirheumatic plants used by the indigenous people of Kawal wildlife sanctuary region. The ethnic people utilize the medicinal plants for the treatment of rheumatic plants. The present study was recorded a total of 22 plant taxa pertaining to 22 genera of 17 families. Of these, Fabaceae dominate with four (4) species and 82% of plant taxa are indigenous and native. 128 key informants were interviewed from 43 villages of the area. Some important and widely used antirheumatic plants include Atalantia monophylla, Azima tetracantha, Calotropis gigantea, Dregea volubilis, Lannea coromandelica and Senna occidentalis.
For the survival, health and wealth, majority of people in different regions on the globe depend on the forests and forest-based products. Indigenous people deeply belief in the system of traditional medicine in remote areas for their primary health care and veterinary purposes. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 80% of individuals in the world use traditional medicine for common ailments. The dependency on traditional medicine is increasing exponentially day-by-day to reduce the side effects of modern drug and also economic burden. Rheumatism is a chronic and serious problem of which cause joint pains, stiffness, swollen and tender to touch. One general study has revealed that nearly 180 million people (ca. 15%) are suffering from rheumatic pains in India (Naidu et al. 2012). Many plants are used for anti-rheumatic pains by indigenous people such as Gonds, Koyas, Naikpods.
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